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Outcomes from a three-arm randomized controlled trial of frequent immersion in thermoneutral water on cardiovascular risk factors

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, July 2016
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Title
Outcomes from a three-arm randomized controlled trial of frequent immersion in thermoneutral water on cardiovascular risk factors
Published in
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, July 2016
DOI 10.1186/s12906-016-1241-7
Pubmed ID
Authors

Johannes Naumann, Catharina Sadaghiani, Nina Bureau, Stefan Schmidt, Roman Huber

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are a main cause of mortality worldwide. Spa bathing and immersion in thermoneutral water (ITW) have a long history in the treatment of cardiovascular risk factors. We conducted a three-arm parallel-group, randomized controlled study to investigate the effects of frequent ITW on moderately elevated blood pressure (BP). Here, we report on the secondary outcomes, i.e. the influence of immersion in thermoneutral water on further cardiovascular risk factors: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood lipids, fasting blood glucose and C-reactive protein. Patients (age 57.6 ± 9.6 years, BMI 29.5 ± 5.7 kg/m(2)) with mild to moderately elevated BP received ITW for 45-60 min in pools of thermal-mineral water at 34.0-36.0 °C four times a week for 4 weeks. One group (Bath1) reduced the intensity to one bath a week for a further 20 weeks, while the other group (Bath2) continued bathing four times a week. The control group was instructed to relax for 45-60 min four times a week for 24 weeks using a relaxation CD. The secondary analysis of the intention-to-treat population (N = 59) did not show a significant reduction of BMI, waist circumference, blood lipids, fasting blood glucose or C-reactive protein in patients with a mild to moderately elevated BP after 4 and 24 weeks ITW, respectively. There were no significant differences between the groups. Thus, we did not find evidence to support our ITW program being an efficacious intervention to induce cardiovascular alterations in this population of hypertensive patients. DRKS00003980 at drks-neu.uniklinik-freiburg.de, German Clinical Trials Register (registration date 2012-07-10).

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 34 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 1 3%
Unknown 33 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Unspecified 6 18%
Student > Bachelor 5 15%
Student > Master 5 15%
Researcher 3 9%
Professor > Associate Professor 3 9%
Other 12 35%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 12 35%
Unspecified 8 24%
Nursing and Health Professions 7 21%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 2 6%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1 3%
Other 4 12%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 29 July 2016.
All research outputs
#7,061,725
of 8,154,593 outputs
Outputs from BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
#1,761
of 2,039 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#217,699
of 257,607 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
#69
of 93 outputs
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