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Liquid and vapour-phase antifungal activities of essential oils against Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, August 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (55th percentile)
  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (68th percentile)

Mentioned by

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3 tweeters
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1 Facebook page

Citations

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16 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
42 Mendeley
Title
Liquid and vapour-phase antifungal activities of essential oils against Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida
Published in
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, August 2016
DOI 10.1186/s12906-016-1316-5
Pubmed ID
Authors

Narcisa Mandras, Antonia Nostro, Janira Roana, Daniela Scalas, Giuliana Banche, Valeria Ghisetti, Simonetta Del Re, Giacomo Fucale, Anna Maria Cuffini, Vivian Tullio

Abstract

The management of Candida infections faces many problems, such as a limited number of antifungal drugs, toxicity, resistance of Candida to commonly antifungal drugs, relapse of Candida infections, and the high cost of antifungal drugs. Though azole antifungal agents and derivatives continue to dominate as drugs of choice against Candida infections, there are many available data referring to the anticandidal activity of essential oils. Since we have previous observed a good antimicrobial activity of some essential oils against filamentous fungi, the aim of this study was to extend the research to evaluate the activity of the same oils on Candida albicans, C.glabrata and C.tropicalis clinical strains, as well as the effects of related components. Essential oils selection was based both on ethnomedicinal use and on proved antibacterial and/or antifungal activity of some of these oils. Fluconazole and voriconazole were used as reference drugs. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimal fungicidal concentration (MFC) of essential oils (thyme red, fennel, clove, pine, sage, lemon balm, and lavender) and their major components were investigated by the broth microdilution method (BM) and the vapour contact assay (VC). Using BM, pine oil showed the best activity against all strains tested, though C.albicans was more susceptible than C.glabrata and C.tropicalis (MIC50-MIC90 = 0.06 %, v/v). On the contrary, sage oil displayed a weak activity (MIC50-MIC90 = 1 %, v/v). Thyme red oil (MIC50-MIC90 ≤ 0.0038 %, v/v for C.albicans and C.tropicalis, and 0.0078- < 0.015 %, v/v for C.glabrata), followed by lemon balm, lavender and sage were the most effective by VC. Carvacrol and thymol showed the highest activity, whereas linalyl acetate showed the lowest activity both by two methods. α-pinene displayed a better activity by BM than VC. Results show a good activity of essential oils, mainly thymus red and pine oils, and their components carvacrol, thymol and α-pinene against Candida spp., including fluconazole/voriconazole resistant strains. These data encourage adequately controlled and randomized clinical investigations. The use in vapour phase could have additional advantages without requiring direct contact, resulting in easy of environmental application such as in hospital, and/or in school.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 42 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 42 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 12 29%
Unspecified 7 17%
Student > Ph. D. Student 6 14%
Student > Bachelor 6 14%
Researcher 5 12%
Other 6 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 7 17%
Unspecified 7 17%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 6 14%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 6 14%
Medicine and Dentistry 5 12%
Other 11 26%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 08 December 2016.
All research outputs
#6,551,431
of 12,141,799 outputs
Outputs from BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
#938
of 2,466 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#110,254
of 260,356 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
#26
of 85 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,141,799 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 44th percentile – i.e., 44% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,466 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 6.7. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 59% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 260,356 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 55% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 85 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 68% of its contemporaries.