↓ Skip to main content

Risk factors, person, place and time characteristics associated with Hepatitis E Virus outbreak in Napak District, Uganda

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Infectious Diseases, June 2017
Altmetric Badge

About this Attention Score

  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (67th percentile)

Mentioned by

6 tweeters


3 Dimensions

Readers on

29 Mendeley
Risk factors, person, place and time characteristics associated with Hepatitis E Virus outbreak in Napak District, Uganda
Published in
BMC Infectious Diseases, June 2017
DOI 10.1186/s12879-017-2542-2
Pubmed ID

Geofrey Amanya, Samuel Kizito, Immaculate Nabukenya, Joan Kalyango, Collins Atuheire, Hellen Nansumba, Stephen Akena Abwoye, Denis Nixon Opio, Edrisa Kibuuka, Charles Karamagi


Hepatitis E is self-limiting, but can cause death in most at risk groups like pregnant women and those with preexisting acute liver disease. In developing countries it presents as epidemic, in 2014 Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) outbreak was reported in Napak district Uganda. The role of factors in this setting that might have propagated this HEV epidemic, including host, agent, and environmental characteristics, were still not clear. This study was therefore conducted to investigate the risk factors, person, place and time characteristics, associated with the hepatitis E virus (HEV) epidemic in Napak district. Review of line lists data for epidemiological description and matched case control study on neighborhood and age in the ratio of 1:2 were used to assess risk factors for HEV outbreak in Napak. Cluster and random sampling were used to obtain a sample size of 332, (111 cases, 221 controls). Possible interaction and confounding was assessed using conditional logistic regression. Over 1359 cases and 30 deaths were reported during 2013/2014 HEV outbreak. The mean age of patients was 29 ± years, 57.9% of cases were females. Overall case Fatality Ratio was 2.2% in general population but 65.2% in pregnant women. More than 94% of the cases were reported in the sub counties of Napak, 5.7% of cases were reported in the outside neighboring districts. The epidemic peaked in January 2014 and gradually subsided by December 2014. Risk factors found to be associated with HEV included drinking untreated water (OR 6.69, 95% CI 3.15-14.16), eating roadside food (OR 6.11, 95% CI 2.85-13.09), reported not cleaning utensils (OR 3.24, 95% CI 1.55-1.76), and being a hunter (OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.03-12.66). The results of this study suggest that the virus is transmitted by the feco-oral route through contaminated water. They also suggest that active surveillance and appropriate measures targeting community and routine individual health actions are important to prevent transmission and decrease the deaths.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 6 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 29 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 29 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 8 28%
Student > Master 6 21%
Unspecified 5 17%
Student > Bachelor 4 14%
Lecturer 2 7%
Other 4 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Unspecified 8 28%
Medicine and Dentistry 6 21%
Environmental Science 3 10%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 7%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 2 7%
Other 8 28%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 4. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 04 July 2017.
All research outputs
of 13,090,173 outputs
Outputs from BMC Infectious Diseases
of 4,874 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 264,482 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Infectious Diseases
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,090,173 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 72nd percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 4,874 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.8. This one has done well, scoring higher than 75% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 264,482 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 67% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them