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Antiproliferative activities and phenolic acid content of water and ethanolic extracts of the powdered formula of Houttuynia cordata Thunb. fermented broth and Phyllanthus emblica Linn. fruit

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, April 2018
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Title
Antiproliferative activities and phenolic acid content of water and ethanolic extracts of the powdered formula of Houttuynia cordata Thunb. fermented broth and Phyllanthus emblica Linn. fruit
Published in
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, April 2018
DOI 10.1186/s12906-018-2185-x
Pubmed ID
Authors

Piyawan Kumnerdkhonkaen, Somprasong Saenglee, Md. Ali Asgar, Gulsiri Senawong, Kanoknan Khongsukwiwat, Thanaset Senawong

Abstract

Houttuynia cordata Thunb. and Phyllanthus emblica Linn. are native plants with medicinal and nutritive significance in Asia. The present study was aimed at evaluating antiproliferative effects on human cancer cell lines and identifying the phenolic acid composition of water and ethanolic extracts of the powdered formula of H. cordata fermented broth and P. emblica fruit. Anticancer activity of the extracts was evaluated against HeLa, HT29, HCT116, MCF7 and Jurkat cells using an MTT assay and flow cytometric analysis of apoptosis induction and cell cycle arrest. Reverse phase HPLC was exploited for identification and quantification of some phenolic acids. MTT assay showed that both water and ethanolic extracts significantly decreased the viability of cancer cells in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Based on the IC50 values, ethanolic extract (IC50 values = 0.12-0.65 mg/mL) was more cytotoxic than water extract (IC50 values = 0.22-0.85 mg/mL) and Jurkat cells were the most sensitive to both extracts (IC50 values = 0.12-0.69 mg/mL). The underlying mechanism for antiproliferative activity was apoptosis induction, especially in HT29, HCT116, MCF7 and Jurkat cells. HT29 cells were the most sensitive to extract-induced apoptosis. Ethanolic extract was more effective at inducing apoptosis than water extract. Moreover, cell cycle arrest was found to be another mechanism behind growth inhibition in Jurkat and HCT116 cells. However, these extracts were relatively less toxic to non-cancer Vero cells. HPLC analysis demonstrated that the powder mix extracts contained seven identified phenolic acids namely gallic, p-hydroxybenzoic, vanillic, syringic, p-coumaric, ferulic and sinapinic acids, where p-coumaric acid was detected in the highest concentration followed by ferulic acid. Overall, the results of this study suggest the powdered formula of H. cordata fermented broth and P. emblica fruit as an alternative medicine for cancer prevention and treatment.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 10 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 10 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 3 30%
Unspecified 3 30%
Other 2 20%
Professor > Associate Professor 1 10%
Researcher 1 10%
Other 0 0%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Unspecified 3 30%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 30%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 20%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 10%
Chemistry 1 10%
Other 0 0%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 19 May 2018.
All research outputs
#10,342,569
of 12,963,687 outputs
Outputs from BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
#1,809
of 2,614 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#204,402
of 270,675 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,963,687 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,614 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 7.0. This one is in the 17th percentile – i.e., 17% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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