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The mental-attention Tai Chi effect with older adults

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Psychology, May 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (55th percentile)

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2 tweeters
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3 Facebook pages

Citations

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7 Dimensions

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53 Mendeley
Title
The mental-attention Tai Chi effect with older adults
Published in
BMC Psychology, May 2016
DOI 10.1186/s40359-016-0137-0
Pubmed ID
Authors

Theresa H. M. Kim, Juan Pascual-Leone, Janice Johnson, Hala Tamim

Abstract

Tai Chi practice has some fitness, wellness, and general cognitive effects in older adults. However, benefits of Tai Chi on specific mental-attentional executive processes have not been investigated previously. We studied older Canadian adults of Chinese and non-Chinese origin and from low socioeconomic areas. Sixty-four adults (51-87 years old) took part in a 16-week Tai Chi program. There were two groups: Chinese-background (n = 35) and Non-Chinese-background (n = 29). They received four mental-attention executive tasks before and after the 16-week period. These tasks measured visuospatial reasoning, mental-attentional activation (working memory), attentional inhibition, and balance between these attention factors (field-dependence-independence). Chinese participants showed significant gain on Figural Intersections Task (mental-attentional capacity), Antisaccade (attentional inhibition), and Matrix Reasoning (fluid intelligence measure). Both groups evidenced gain on the Water Level Task (attentional balance). These gains suggest that Tai Chi can improve mental-attentional vigilance and executive control, when practitioners are sufficiently motivated to pursue this practice, and apply themselves (as our Chinese participants seem to have done). We found that Tai Chi enhanced mental attentional executives in the Chinese sample. The largely negative results with Non-Chinese participants might be explained by less strong motivation and by the relatively short Tai Chi practice period, which contrasts with the prior familiarity with Tai Chi of the Chinese participants.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 53 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 53 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Doctoral Student 11 21%
Unspecified 9 17%
Student > Bachelor 9 17%
Student > Master 7 13%
Student > Ph. D. Student 6 11%
Other 11 21%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 17 32%
Unspecified 9 17%
Sports and Recreations 9 17%
Nursing and Health Professions 5 9%
Medicine and Dentistry 4 8%
Other 9 17%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 15 August 2017.
All research outputs
#6,396,146
of 11,614,551 outputs
Outputs from BMC Psychology
#160
of 232 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#118,644
of 277,410 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Psychology
#12
of 17 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 11,614,551 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 43rd percentile – i.e., 43% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 232 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 24.5. This one is in the 31st percentile – i.e., 31% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 277,410 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 55% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 17 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 29th percentile – i.e., 29% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.