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Long-term consequences of arsenic poisoning during infancy due to contaminated milk powder

Overview of attention for article published in Environmental Health, October 2006
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  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (95th percentile)
  • Average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source

Mentioned by

1 news outlet
3 X users
2 Wikipedia pages


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Readers on

56 Mendeley
Long-term consequences of arsenic poisoning during infancy due to contaminated milk powder
Published in
Environmental Health, October 2006
DOI 10.1186/1476-069x-5-31
Pubmed ID

Miwako Dakeishi, Katsuyuki Murata, Philippe Grandjean


Arsenic toxicity is a global health problem affecting many millions of people. The main source of exposure is drinking water contaminated by natural geological sources. Current risk assessment is based on the recognized carcinogenicity of arsenic, but neurotoxic risks have been overlooked. In 1955, an outbreak of arsenic poisoning occurred among Japanese infants, with more than 100 deaths. The source was contaminated milk powder produced by the Morinaga company. Detailed accounts of the Morinaga dried milk poisoning were published in Japanese only, and an overview of this poisoning incident and its long-term consequences is therefore presented. From analyses available, the arsenic concentration in milk made from the Morinaga milk powder is calculated to be about 4-7 mg/L, corresponding to daily doses slightly above 500 microg/kg body weight. Lower exposures would result from using diluted milk. Clinical poisoning cases occurred after a few weeks of exposure, with a total dose of about 60 mg. This experience provides clear-cut evidence for hazard assessment of the developmental neurotoxicity. At the present time, more than 600 surviving victims, now in their 50s, have been reported to suffer from severe sequelae, such as mental retardation, neurological diseases, and other disabilities. Along with more recent epidemiological studies of children with environmental arsenic exposures, the data amply demonstrate the need to consider neurotoxicity as a key concern in risk assessment of inorganic arsenic exposure.

X Demographics

X Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 X users who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.
Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 56 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Japan 2 4%
United States 2 4%
Nepal 1 2%
South Africa 1 2%
Unknown 50 89%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 11 20%
Student > Master 9 16%
Student > Ph. D. Student 8 14%
Student > Doctoral Student 5 9%
Other 4 7%
Other 8 14%
Unknown 11 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 10 18%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 8 14%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 7%
Psychology 3 5%
Nursing and Health Professions 2 4%
Other 13 23%
Unknown 16 29%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 18. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 November 2023.
All research outputs
of 25,546,214 outputs
Outputs from Environmental Health
of 1,606 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 88,971 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Environmental Health
of 5 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 25,546,214 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 91st percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,606 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 38.1. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 74% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 88,971 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 95% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 5 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than 2 of them.