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Dose effects of mycophenolate mofetil in Chinese patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders: a case series study

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Neurology, April 2018
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Title
Dose effects of mycophenolate mofetil in Chinese patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders: a case series study
Published in
BMC Neurology, April 2018
DOI 10.1186/s12883-018-1056-x
Pubmed ID
Authors

Yujuan Jiao, Lei Cui, Weihe Zhang, Chunyu Zhang, Yeqiong Zhang, Xin Zhang, Jinsong Jiao

Abstract

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a devastating autoimmune inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system, which can result in blindness or paralysis. Currently, there is a dire need for new treatment options in the clinic. Several case series have shown that mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) may be an effective treatment for NMOSD patients. The dosing of MMF in the treatment of NMOSD has been poorly studied. Therefore, we evaluated the efficacy, tolerability, influential factors and optimal dosage of MMF in Chinese patients with NMOSD. A case series of 109 NMO or NMOSD (limited forms of NMO with seropositive AQP4-IgG) patients were retrospectively analyzed and followed up. Out of the 109 patients, 86 patients had received MMF for 6 months or longer and were included for efficacy assessment. When comparing the annualized relapse rate (ARR) of MMF treatment with that of pre-MMF treatment period, MMF was found to significantly reduce ARR in 75 (87%) patients (p < 0.0001). The median pre-treatment Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score in remission decreased from 3 (range, 0-8.5) to 2.5 (range, 0-8) at the last follow-up (p = 0.006), yet no significant difference was found in the visual score. The higher doses of MMF (1750 mg/d to 2000 mg/d) significantly lowered the relapse risks compared with lower doses (1000 mg/d or less, p < 0.0001) or moderate doses (1250 to 1500 mg/d, p = 0.031). Coexisting with systemic autoimmune diseases (HR, 2.418; p = 0.0345) and attack number before MMF initiation (HR, 1.117; p = 0.02) were important risk factors for relapses. MMF was generally well tolerated with adverse effects occurring in 21 patients (19%). While four patients decreased their daily doses because of the adverse effects, only one patient stopped MMF treatment. MMF is generally effective and well tolerated in Chinese NMOSD patients. High-dose MMF was more potent than the lower dose for NMOSD patients, with 1750 mg of daily MMF being the recommended dosage for Chinese patients with NMOSD. MMF treatment reduces the frequency of relapses and improves the quality of life for patients with this debilitating disease.

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Mendeley readers

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Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 4 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 3 75%
Student > Bachelor 1 25%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 2 50%
Neuroscience 1 25%
Unknown 1 25%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 24 August 2018.
All research outputs
#11,895,042
of 13,415,596 outputs
Outputs from BMC Neurology
#1,361
of 1,522 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#230,934
of 267,821 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Neurology
#1
of 1 outputs
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